Nacella concinna is the main food item of kelp gulls in Antarctica (Favero et al., 1997; Barbieri, 2008). Kelp gulls are broadly distributed in the subantarctic to subtropical regions, where sea surface temperatures range from 0° to 23° C. They can mostly be seen off the New Zealand coasts and islands, and along the south and south-east Australian coasts. The head, underparts, tail, and the small "mirrors" at the wing tips are white. … Deception Island, South Shetland Islands Picture: Deception Island: Dominikanermöwe - Kelp Gull - Check out Tripadvisor members' 230 candid photos and videos of Deception Island The nominate race of the Kelp Gull is widely distributed in the southern hemisphere, but the range excludes Africa, where it is an extremely rare vagrant. From 1989 into the 1990s, several adults were present on the Chandeleur Islands, in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Louisiana. Young Cape gulls have almost identical plumage to similarly aged kelp gulls. It is the second largest gull in Australia. [8] At rocky sites along the southern African coast, such as at Boulders Beach in Cape Town, kelp gulls (Larus dominicanus vetula) can be seen picking up shellfish and repeatedly flying up several meters and dropping them onto the rocks below in order to break them open. The kelp gull, Larus dominicanus, breeds on coasts and islands throughout the Southern Hemisphere, as detailed on the IUCN Red List. It is a bird we need to know in Newfoundland. Kelp gull prey on and scavenge molluscs, fish, crustaceans, other seabirds, and even their own chicks and eggs. This species ranges from 54 to 65 cm (21 to 26 in) in total length, from 128 to 142 cm (50 to 56 in) in wingspan and from 540 to 1,390 g (1.19 to 3.06 lb) in weight. Dolphin Gull and Brown-hooded Gull were numerous within their range. [7] The kelp gull uses its powerful beak to peck down centimetres into the skin and blubber, often leaving the whales with large open sores, some of which have been observed to be half a meter in diameter. The wing has a wide trailing edge and a small white 'window' in the wingtip. A kelp gull flying over the Plenau Island, in the Lemaire Channel, Antarctica {{purchaseLicenseLabel}} {{restrictedAssetLabel}} {{buyOptionLabel(option)}} You have view only access under this Premium Access agreement. Both parents feed the young birds. This predatory behavior has been documented in Argentinian waters, and continues today. In most parts of the world, large gulls pose a … It is the only gull species which occurs in Antarctica. In the early part of the season the blocks may not be visible, so caution is advised.

Closed Area B: Higher rocky slope to the south of Alice Creek which includes a kelp gull colony. Juveniles have dull legs, a black bill, a dark band in the tail, and an overall grey-brown plumage densely edged whitish, but they rapidly get a pale base to the bill and largely white head and underparts. Young Cape gulls have almost identical plumage to similarly aged kelp gulls. Kelp Gull in the final stages of moulting into adult plumage ; note the typical relatively slim bill with its red dot, the all-white body, the narrow white leading edge of the wings (all of which are indicative of adult plumage), but the still black terminal band on the tail of a sub-adult bird (photo courtesy of B. Hensen) We also discuss the influence of bird’s guano on the communities of microscopic invertebrates (mainly … There are five subspecies of kelp gull. January 1, 2015, Spert Island, Antarctica — The first day of the year is done!I kicked off my big year with a whopping 12 bird species today: Cape Petrel, Southern Fulmar, Southern Giant-Petrel, Brown Skua, Gentoo Penguin, Wilson’s Storm-Petrel, Kelp Gull, Antarctic Shag, Antarctic Tern, Chinstrap Penguin, South Polar Skua, and Snowy Sheathbill (in order of appearance). The bill is yellow with a red spot, and the legs are greenish-yellow (brighter and yellower when breeding, duller and greener when not breeding). Use of nest materials for skuas (Catharacta spp.) S Afr J Sci 73:337 - 341, "Seagulls Have a Gruesome New Way of Attacking Baby Seals", Species text in The Atlas of Southern African Birds, Vega gull (or East Siberian gull / Mongolian gull), Great black-headed gull (or Pallas's gull), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kelp_gull&oldid=984439613, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. CrossRef | Google Scholar Turner, D.M. GUIDED WALKING AREA Kelp gulls are omnivores like most Larus gulls, and they will scavenge as well as seek suitable small prey. The African subspecies L. d. vetula is sometimes split as the Cape gull, L. vetula. Found in a variety of habitats including harbors, bays, inlets, estuaries, beaches and rocky shores. Adult males and females weigh on average 1,000 g (2.2 lb) and 900 g (2.0 lb) respectively. It has a more angular head and a smaller shorter bill. L. d. vetula (known as the Cape gull) is a subspecies occurring around Southern Africa. They take three or four years to reach maturity. The adult has a dark eye, whereas the nominate kelp gull usually has a pale eye. Kelp Gulls on the rocks. Environmental Impact Assessment approvals, Australia and the Antarctic Treaty System, Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources, What happens before departure & on arrival at station, Message for family and friends of expeditioners, Classification of scientific publications, Antarctic Strategy and Action Plan: Prime Minister’s Foreword. The Cape gull differs from other forms of kelp gulls by its immaculate white tail and dark eye. The species name is thought to come from the Dominican order of friars who wore black and white habits. It has a large range, from subantarctic islands and the Antarctic peninsula to coastal areas of Australia, Africa and South America. Closed Area A: Gentoo penguin and blue-eyed shag nesting area at the northwestern tip of Jougla Point on and behind the concrete blocks. In the subantarctic, Kelp gulls lay three eggs in November to December. The Southern Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus derives about 45% of the mass of its marine diet from the limpet Nacella delesserti at sub-Antarctic Marion Island. Kelp Gull body size is highly variable, with the largest birds occurring in Antarctica and South Africa, and the smallest in the southern Indian Ocean. Parents sometimes continue to feed their chicks after fledging. We pay our respects to their Elders past, present and emerging. Birdquest’s combined Antarctica, Falkland Islands and South Georgia birding tours are a truly marvellous bird and wildlife adventure that takes you to the ‘great white continent’. The Kelp Gull (Larus dominicanus) is also called Southern Black-backed Gull by some authors. For the suburb of Greymouth, see, "Shelly Farr Biswell", "Southern Black-Backed Gulls", New Zealand Geographic, number 73, May–June 2005, Siegfried WR (1977) Mussel dropping behaviour of Kelp Gulls. Newly-fledged Kelp Gulls are brown with paler mottling on the hind neck and breast and have a black bill. The specific name comes from the Dominican Order of friars, who wear black and white habits.[2]. The wingspan is 106–142cm. The yellow bill has a rounded red subterminal spot at the gonys. The aim of this study was to examine for tardigrades the nests material of the kelp gull (Larus dominicanus Lichtenstein, 1823) in maritime Antarctic and discuss the possible ways of migration and dispersion of tardigrades by birds. Image of kelp, concealed, polar - 103782675 Conservation status: least concern [9] They have also been reported pecking the eyes out of seal pups on the coast of Namibia before attacking the blind seals in a group.[10]. There are five subspecies of kelp gull. On the last day of the trip at San Antonio, Chile (near Santiago) there were plenty of wintering Franklin's Gulls and a few of the beautiful Gray Gull. 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